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加快非洲能源转型与可持续发展推动全球能源互联网“中国倡议”在非洲落地

2018年09月14日 01:34来源:网络整理手机版

论坛现场上百位中非嘉宾认真聆听

论坛现场上百位中非嘉宾认真聆听

人民网北京9月4日电(记者邹松)非洲能源互联网发展论坛4日在北京召开。论坛是2018年中非合作论坛北京峰会系列重要活动之一,由全球能源互联网发展合作组织与非盟、联合国非经委共同举办,发布非洲能源互联网规划研究成果,开展项目对接,签署多项合作协议。全球能源互联网发展合作组织与几内亚联合倡议成立“非洲能源互联网可持续发展联盟”,促进“一带一路”建设,打造人类命运共同体。

本次论坛是非洲能源互联网发展的重要里程碑,对于推动全球能源互联网“中国倡议”在非洲落地,德德搜书吧商联网,深化中非能源合作,助力非洲各国可持续发展具有重要意义,得到了非洲多个国家政府、机构、企业的大力支持。

几内亚总统阿尔法·孔戴向大会发来祝贺视频。孔戴总统表示,构建全球能源互联网重大倡议与“一带一路”和人类命运共同体建设一脉相承,为促进世界可持续发展提供了解决方案,体现了中国的责任担当。构建非洲能源互联网,将有力推动非洲清洁能源大规模开发利用和电网互联互通,带动矿产资源开发和深加工产业发展,加快非洲清洁化、工业化、电气化和区域一体化发展,促进非盟“2063议程”和联合国“2030议程”落实,是造福非洲和全人类的伟大事业。

中国国家发展改革委副秘书长周晓飞,联合国副秘书长、联合国非经委执行秘书松薇,非盟委员会副主席夸第出席大会并致辞。来自联合国非经委、联合国环境署、非盟、以及中国国家发改委、能源局、商务部国家电网、大唐集团等中方企业共100余家单位、400多位嘉宾出席论坛。

2015年9月26日,中国国家主席李克强在联合国发展峰会上提出构建全球能源互联网重大倡议,为促进世界能源转型、应对气候变化、实现可持续发展提供了中国方案,得到各方的高度赞誉和广泛支持。构建非洲能源互联网是全球能源互联网建设的重要内容,为深化中非全面战略合作伙伴关系、构筑更加紧密的中非命运共同体提供了载体和抓手。

全球能源互联网发展合作组织主席、中国电力企业联合会理事长、瑞典皇家工程科学院院士刘振亚在论坛致辞中指出,可持续发展的核心是清洁发展,关键要构建全球能源互联网,实现清洁替代和电能替代。近年来,非洲经济发展进入以工业化、城镇化和区域一体化为特征的新阶段,既面临难得机遇,也面临重大挑战。构建非洲能源互联网,从战略、规划、经济、技术层面为加快非洲可持续发展提供了系统解决方案和行动路线图,破解了长期制约非洲能源大规模开发利用的困局,将推动非洲清洁能源资源和矿产资源的协同开发利用,为非洲各国发展和中非合作带来重大机遇。关键要抓住四个重点:一是大力发展清洁能源,以刚果河、尼罗河、尼日尔河、赞比西河水电,以及非洲北部、东部、南部太阳能发电和风电为重点,建设一批大型清洁能源基地。二是加快电网建设和互联互通,国内,加快骨干网架升级和配电网建设,提高供电能力、可靠性和智能化水平;洲内,加快推进各国电网互联,形成非洲北部、中部和西部、东部和南部3个区域同步电网,并通过特高压输电实现跨区互联;跨洲,积极推动非洲-欧洲、非洲-西亚联网工程建设,总输电规模5000万千瓦,实现清洁能源在更大范围优化配置。三是推进电-矿-冶联动发展,为非洲矿产资源大规模开发和冶炼加工提供充足可靠的电力。四是提升电气化水平,以清洁能源取代化石能源和初级生物质能,着力解决无电人口供电和用不起电问题。

论坛上,全球能源互联网发展合作组织与几内亚联合倡议成立“非洲能源互联网可持续发展联盟”,搭建共商、共建、共享、共赢的合作平台,发挥各国政府、组织、企业和机构作用,充分利用中非企业在技术、装备、市场、资源等方面协同优势,共同推进非洲能源互联网重大项目建设,助力非洲清洁化、工业化、电气化和一体化发展。

全球能源互联网发展合作组织于2016年3月在北京成立,目前会员数量已达503家,遍及五大洲80个国家和地区,成为共商、共建、共享、共赢的国际合作平台。构建全球能源互联网已纳入“一带一路”建设、联合国“2030年可持续发展议程”工作框架、2018年清洁能源部长级会议和中阿合作论坛会议成果。

加快非洲能源转型与可持续发展推动全球能源互联网“中国倡议”在非洲落地

(责编:贾文婷、杨牧)

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