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通讯:“中国制造”助力阿尔及利亚工业振兴

2018年09月10日 06:26来源:网络整理手机版

来自福建的中国投资者何厚华以前做梦也想不到,他的实业梦想会在遥远的北非国家阿尔及利亚实现。

何厚华投资的管材厂位于阿首都阿尔及尔以东40公里的布法里克工业区。在占地3000平方米的厂区内,两条自动化管材生产线正在运行。乳白色的PPR排水管源源不断地从机器上下线,工人们不停地将机器自动切割好的水管摆放在成品区。

何厚华说,工厂生产线24小时不停机,日产6吨管材,每天晚上都会被货车全部拉走,供销两旺。但谈到刚创业时的艰辛,他仍有一番感慨。

阿尔及利亚是非洲面积最大的国家,自然资源丰富。当地经济主要依靠能源出口,民族工业实力较为薄弱。2014年起,阿政府为实现经济多元化,鼓励外来投资发展制造业。于是,越来越多的中国投资者把资金和技术带到这里,“中国制造”的传奇在这里延续。

2016年,何厚华在老乡介绍下来到阿尔及利亚。前期考察后,他决定在当地投资管材厂。“阿尔及利亚每年有不少新建住房,每套房子都需要上下水管道,而其国内产量满足不了市场需求,需要大量进口。当地政府为节省外汇,发展工业,出台不少政策鼓励在当地建厂,这是一个非常好的投资机会。”

万事开头难。何厚华工厂的产品瞄准的是中高端管材市场,因为价格较高,通常经销商一问价格就说“No”。但何厚华坚持走高质高价路线,并未放弃品质以降低价格。他说,以往某些产品为降低价格而牺牲品质,在很多非洲国家成为粗制滥造的代名词,中国投资者有责任扭转这种现象,“低质低价可以挣快钱,但高质高价才走得更远”。

为显示对自己产品的信心,何厚华将管材免费提供给经销商,承诺卖出后再收款。几个月后,他们的产品渐渐打开销路,许多经销商反馈顾客们在对比其他产品后,不少人会选择他们的产品。如今,河南日报,每周都有建筑公司慕名前往何厚华的工厂商谈供货事宜。

一位阿尔及利亚经销商对记者说,宅福利,为节省外汇,阿政府已禁止进口管材,原先一直使用欧洲高端产品的建筑公司曾一筹莫展。在用过何厚华工厂的产品后,他们认为完全可以替代欧洲进口货。

中国陕西汽车控股集团有限公司(陕汽集团)已进入阿市场十年有余。2015年,阿政府为发展民族汽车产业,鼓励外国汽车厂商在当地建设汽车厂。在进行广泛的市场调研后,陕汽集团决定与阿经销商一起兴建汽车组装厂,深耕阿市场。

陕汽集团董事长袁宏明认为,阿市场近年来经历的一些情况与中国改革开放经历的情形相似。在2007年陕汽产品进入阿尔及利亚前,当地的工程车是欧洲品牌的天下,但中国汽车凭借相对较低的价格、更完善的服务以及灵活的市场策略逐渐打开市场。

现在,陕汽集团制造的重型载重卡车“Shacman”在阿工程车市场已占据70%的份额。

袁宏明说,阿尔及利亚是一个大市场,中国企业如果能看准机会,充分发挥自身特点,将中国技术和改革开放中积累的市场经验带入当地,肯定可以和阿方取得双赢。

陕汽的阿方合作伙伴艾哈迈德·马祖兹对记者说,他看中的是“Shacman”载重卡车的品质和中国合作伙伴的踏实作风。不少阿尔及利亚人买一辆“Shacman”载重卡车来挣钱养家,很多当地人对这个品牌的卡车情有独钟。

2018年5月,陕汽集团在阿尔及利亚的第一辆组装汽车下线,预计年产量将达到3000辆,除了满足当地市场,今后还将出口突尼斯、摩洛哥、马里等周边国家。

阿尔及利亚主要新闻网站TSA网最近刊文指出,中国领导人不久前对塞内加尔、卢旺达等非洲国家的访问表明,中国将携手非洲国家一起走工业化发展道路,而与中国一起发展是非洲国家腾飞的快速路。(记者 黄灵)

(责编:龚茜(实习生)、刘洁妍)

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