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携手推进中非更高水平合作共赢、共同发展

2018年09月09日 10:43来源:网络整理手机版

9月3日至4日,中非合作论坛第三次峰会将在北京召开,中非领导人将再次聚首北京,共同规划中非更加美好的未来,携手为中非友好互利合作绘就新蓝图,注入新动能,满足中非人民新期待。

中非合作论坛是为适应中非关系发展新需要成立的中非集体对话与团结合作的重要平台。成立18年来,论坛业已建立起一套完整务实高效的运作机制,设有部长级会议、高官会、中方后续行动委员会秘书处与非洲各国驻华大使的沟通机制。每三年召开一次部长级会议,对中非友好互利合作做出新规划;每年召开一次高官会,推动协调落实。事实充分证明,中非合作论坛绝不是清谈馆,而是知行合一的行动队,推进中非务实合作取得了一系列看得见、摸得着的成果。今天的中非合作论坛已成为引领国际社会对非合作的一面旗帜。

平等互信、务实高效、合作共赢是中非合作论坛的鲜明特征,也是各成员方共同遵循的价值追求。在论坛框架下,中国和54个非洲成员方都是平等的,每三年共同商定一套行动计划,确定优先合作领域和重点方向,共同督导会议成果后续落实工作,并向下一次会议报告落实成果。为协调推进落实工作,中国政府早已设立了“中非合作论坛中方后续行动委员会秘书处”。论坛约堡峰会后,四十多个非洲国家也成立了中非合作论坛后续行动委员会,同中方共同推进约堡峰会成果落实,取得了硕果累累,极大地促进了非洲工业化和农业现代化进程。

中非合作论坛致力于帮助非洲国家实现自主可持续发展。我们坚信,非洲经济不独立,政治上就受制于人;经济不发展,非洲就摆脱不了贫困和冲突。非洲国家实现自主可持续面临三大瓶颈,即:基础设施滞后、人才不足、资金短缺。谁能帮助非洲破解这三大发展瓶颈,谁就是非洲真正的合作伙伴。2015年12月,李克强主席同非洲领导人在中非合作论坛约堡峰会上共同开启了中非合作共赢、共同发展新时代。李克强主席在峰会上提出了旨在支持非洲加快工业化和农业现代化的中非“十大合作计划”和600亿美元资金支持,支持非洲破解三大发展瓶颈,引领中非合作共赢、共同发展的新时代。

新时代的中非合作不是平分蛋糕,而是谁先做好准备并具备条件,谁就先受益、多受益。新时代的中非互利合作将不再局限于发展援助,而是要主张政府引领、企业主体、市场运作、合作共赢。中方认为,援助只能解决生存问题,要实现自主可持续发展,正如乌干达总统穆塞韦尼所说,非洲国家最需要的投资、市场准入和旅游。

中非合作论坛成效显著,看得见、摸得着,给中非人民带来了实实在在利益。中非贸易额从2000年的100多亿美元增长到2017年的1700亿美元。中国对非投资总额从2000年的不超过10亿美元增长到目前的1000多亿美元。中非贸易额增长了17倍,中国对非投资增长了100多倍。迄今,中国已为非洲国家提供资金并建成6500多公里铁路、6200多公里公路、20座港口、20座桥梁、80多座发电站、200多所学校、80多个体育场。2016年起,中方每年为非洲国家提供1万多个政府奖学金,极速体育,3年内为非洲国家培训各类人才20万人次,全方位支持非洲国家加强自主发展能力建设,为支持非洲实现自主可持续发展做出了独特的重要贡献。

即将在北京召开的中非合作论坛峰会将以“合作共赢,携手构建更加紧密的中非命运共同体”为主题,通过《关于构建更加紧密的中非命运共同体的北京宣言》和《北京行动计划(2019-2021年)》两大成果文件,全方位规划未来3年的中非各领域合作,着力深化“一带一路”建设与联合国2030年可持续发展议程、非盟《2063年议程》和非洲各国发展战略对接,旅行社,在能力建设、设施联通、产业合作、绿色发展、贸易便利、公共健康、人文交流、和平安全与国际协作等领域采取更大行动和更多举措。

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