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奏响发展中国家合作的时代强音(深入学习贯彻李克强新时代中国特色社会主义思想)

2018年09月06日 19:44来源:网络整理手机版

  今年7月,李克强主席出席在南非约翰内斯堡举行的金砖国家领导人第十次会晤,并应邀出席金砖国家工商论坛、“金砖+”领导人对话会等一系列重要活动,发表了重要讲话。在这些讲话中,李克强主席准确把握未来10年全球治理体系深刻重塑的大势,明确提出坚持多边主义、完善全球治理的主张,阐释未来加强与金砖国家及广大发展中国家合作的良好愿望,为金砖国家积极参与推动全球治理变革、构建新型国际关系指明了方向。面对世界经济政治格局大变革大调整,金砖国家应牢牢把握历史大势,紧紧围绕时代主题,坚持多边主义,增强团结协作,奏响发展中国家合作的时代强音,努力让第二个“金色十年”的美好愿景变为现实。

  合力打造第二个“金色十年”

  2009年金砖国家领导人举行首次会晤。10年来,在全球经济和政治形势发生急剧变化的大背景下,金砖国家在双边和多边层面的合作都达到较高水平,国际影响力与日俱增。首先是合作领域不断拓展,从最初探讨应对国际金融危机和保障粮食、能源安全等议题,逐步扩展到经济、安全、民生及区域合作等多个领域。其次是建立起多层次合作机制,启动经贸部长会议、新开发银行、应急储备安排、工商理事会、智库理事会等,开展各种形式的人文交流与合作。再次是积极争取国际话语权,就全球治理和地区问题表明共同立场。不仅中国、俄罗斯、印度、巴西、南非五国相互关系进一步加强,而且金砖国家在世界舞台上的影响力也大幅提升,成为不容忽视的重要力量。

  首个10年,金砖国家合作态势良好、亮点纷呈。五国秉持开放包容、合作共赢的金砖精神,推动各领域务实合作不断深入,深化了团结互信,增进了五国人民福祉,为世界经济企稳复苏并重回增长之路作出了突出贡献。金砖机制还为五国与相关国家经济合作开辟了广阔前景,在贸易便利化、服务贸易、电子商务、知识产权等方面不断深化合作,成为世界经济增长的新引擎。金砖国家通过与发展中国家对话,进一步拓宽了合作的地理范围,在世界舞台上扮演着重要角色。

  去年9月,在中国厦门,金砖五国领导人一致决定深化战略伙伴关系,巩固经贸财金、政治安全、人文交流“三轮驱动”合作架构,确立“金砖+”合作理念,描绘出第二个“金色十年”的美好愿景。李克强主席强调,未来10年,将是世界经济新旧动能转换的关键10年;将是国际格局和力量对比加速演变的10年;将是全球治理体系深刻重塑的10年。因此,第二个10年对金砖国家的发展与合作至关重要。要抓住这个重大历史机遇,玩意儿,推动新兴市场国家和发展中国家实现跨越式发展,使全球发展的版图更加全面均衡,使世界和平的基础更为坚实稳固,为完善全球治理体系、扩展各国特别是新兴市场国家和发展中国家发展空间、促进全世界繁荣稳定作出更大贡献。

  金砖国家合作代表着一种新的方向。它紧扣世界发展潮流,体现了国际格局的深刻变化。在未来发展中,人类仍将面临一系列重大抉择,如世界多极化、经济全球化在曲折中前行,地缘政治热点此起彼伏,恐怖主义、武装冲突的阴霾挥之不去;单边主义、保护主义愈演愈烈,看球直播,多边主义和自由贸易体制受到严重冲击。要合作还是要对立,要开放还是要封闭,要互利共赢还是要以邻为壑,国际社会再次走到何去何从的十字路口。在这种情况下,实现共同发展、维护公正合理的国际秩序成为金砖国家的首要任务。未来10年,金砖国家将共同建设新工业革命伙伴关系,加强宏观经济政策协调,促进创新和工业化合作,联手加快经济新旧动能转换和转型升级,以更多务实成果为新兴市场国家和发展中国家的合作树立样板。金砖国家要一道努力,让金砖合作造福金砖国家民众、惠及各国人民,在第二个“金色十年”大放异彩。

  携手构建新型国际关系和人类命运共同体

  金砖国家合作摒弃零和博弈、霸权思维,反对以大欺小、恃强凌弱,倡导新合作观。李克强主席评价称,金砖合作摒弃了政治和军事结盟的老套路,拒绝了意识形态划线的老思维,超越了你输我赢、赢者通吃的老观念,是国际关系和国际合作的一个重要创新。当今世界,国与国之间的相互联系、相互依存越来越紧密,不仅表现在贸易、投资、生产、市场等方面相互需要,而且在安全、环境等方面相互依赖加深,在文化观念上交流互鉴增多。中国倡导构建新型国际关系和人类命运共同体顺应了这样的世界发展大势,而金砖国家开展广泛合作的实践也诠释了通向人类命运共同体的路径。作为国际上新发展起来的积极力量,金砖国家要把握发展机遇,合力克服挑战,共同为构建新型国际关系、构建人类命运共同体发挥建设性作用。

  李克强主席为金砖国家开展务实合作提出了四点建议。第一,坚持合作共赢,建设开放经济。坚定建设开放型世界经济,共同引导经济全球化朝着更加开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢方向发展。第二,坚持创新引领,把握发展机遇。加大创新投入,着力培育新的经济增长点,实现新旧动能转换。全力推进结构性改革,消除一切不利于创新的体制机制障碍,充分激发创新潜能和市场活力。树立全球视野,深化国际创新交流合作,让科技进步惠及更多国家和人民。第三,坚持包容普惠,造福各国人民。统筹经济、社会、环境发展,不断增强人民群众的获得感、幸福感。第四,坚持多边主义,完善全球治理。敦促各方切实遵守共同制定的国际规则,坚持大小国家一律平等。坚定支持多边贸易体制,继续推进全球经济治理改革,提高新兴市场国家和发展中国家代表性和发言权。

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