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风雨无阻,与中国同行

2018年09月05日 08:43来源:网络整理手机版

风雨无阻,与中国同行

2017年9月25日在法国巴黎拍摄的法国前总理拉法兰。

新华社记者 陈益宸摄

风雨无阻,与中国同行

拉法兰在2017中法投资对话论坛上讲话。

本报记者 王 远摄

风雨无阻,与中国同行

《见证:中国改革开放40年40人》

商务印书馆2018年第一版

风雨无阻,与中国同行

“自从在工业革命期间消失后,中国人重返世界一流强国之列。”法语被誉为世界最动听的语言之一,当这句话被法国前总理拉法兰用富有磁性、自带节奏感的男中音说出时,更为悦耳。

拉法兰的声音回荡在金碧辉煌的卢森堡宫,这里是法国参议院所在地。2018年3月21日上午9时35分,法国参议院举行“一带一路”听证会,拉法兰就此接受法国参议员的问询。拉法兰此言虽简短,但内涵丰富,前一句含义即为英国著名学者李约瑟的论断,“中国在近现代之前是世界上最先进的国家之一,但在18世纪下半叶英国爆发工业革命之后,中国迅速落后于西方国家”。因此有了著名的“李约瑟之谜”:尽管中国古代对人类科技发展做出了很多贡献,但为什么科学和工业革命没有在近代的中国发生?而后一句则是对中国改革开放40年成就的高度评价,这是令包括李约瑟在内的西方人都不曾预料的全新景象:中国已经成为世界第二大经济体,到2016年为止,按购买力平价计算中国经济规模从1978年占世界GDP的4.9%恢复到18.6%,以这么高的速度持续这么长时间的增长是人类经济史上不曾有过的奇迹。

作为中国改革开放40年的见证者、研究者、推动者,拉法兰以他对中国的认知,启发法国参议员们应该从中国复兴的全面战略中来理解“一带一路”倡议。“丝绸之路上的历史总是激发人们无尽的想象。法国作家玛格丽特·尤瑟纳尔笔下的古罗马皇帝哈德良就曾对古丝绸之路上繁忙的商贸充满向往。如今,当中国重新将丝绸之路带进现实,欧洲却仍在抱着好奇心打量,还未充分意识到‘一带一路’倡议的重要性”。

我们需要到中国去

我与拉法兰的初次结识是在他领导的“展望与创新基金会”于2014年初举办的新年招待会上。招待会场地狭小,略显拥挤,来宾大都是法中各界著名人士。也许我是第一次来,他很快就注意到我,远远地定睛看着我。这是一种长辈般专注的、友好的眼神,受到鼓舞的我趋前主动向他表示问候、自我介绍,并抓住时机约他专访。他随即大声喊他的秘书过来,说人民日报记者要采访我,你看看我的日程安排,定个约会。第一次专访拉法兰就这样愉快地商定了。后来在多个场合,听到拉法兰告诫法国人,“与中国打交道,你首先得喜欢中国、喜欢中国人”。

1971年,23岁的拉法兰首次踏足中国的香港、澳门,没有进入内地,只是拿着望远镜远眺了对面的深圳、珠海,“对我而言,中国内地充满神秘。”也许是法国人骨子里流淌的“伏尔泰意识”,即异国情结,促使拉法兰对这个遥远的东方国度心驰神往。5年后,拉法兰如愿以偿,相继考察了北京、哈尔滨、上海和广州等地,“我对中国一见钟情”“兴致盎然中我朦胧感觉到中国未来发展的潜在力量”。多年后,拉法兰回忆此次中国之旅给他留下的深刻印象,“我记得当时的生活条件没有现在那么好,但年轻人都非常热情、充满活力,他们还跟我打乒乓球,我觉得这些年轻人长大以后肯定非常棒。”

“广东是向世界展示中国改革开放成绩的一个窗口,我就是一个最好的见证者。我已经见证了广东40年的发展,我热爱广东。”2018年4月7日,在广州图书馆举行的《国际政要见证广东改革开放40年》纪录片开机仪式上,拉法兰如是说。

说到深圳——中国改革的第一块试验田、中国开放的第一个窗口,拉法兰曾对我讲述一桩趣事,20世纪70年代,法国夏岱勒罗市欲与深圳结为友好城市,当时前者有常驻居民3.2万,深圳有3万。当时夏岱勒罗市的友城事务谈判官员勒内·蒙诺里非常有远见地预期了中国的发展,千龙电影网,他建议深圳更适合与当时有38万人口的维埃纳省建立友城关系。如今40年过去了,夏岱勒罗居民增至4.5万,而深圳已经超过700万。拉法兰为此感慨万分:这段友城轶事足以反映出近40年来中法两国截然不同的变迁。因此,我们需要到中国去。

到中国去,风雨无阻。2003年中国那场非典疫情依然历历在目,出于对疫病的恐惧,一些国家政要纷纷取消访华,但时任法国总理拉法兰坚持于当年4月疫情尚未得到完全控制期间对中国进行了访问,展现了法方对中国政府抗击非典行动的坚定支持,更体现了拉法兰本人对中国人民的真挚友好情感。“患难见真情”,从此拉法兰成了“中国人民的好朋友”。之后,中国政府启动P4实验室的建设,引进法国里昂P4实验室技术和装备,2015年初亚洲首个P4实验室在武汉建成。实验室用于烈性传染病研究与利用,是人类迄今为止能建造的生物安全防护等级最高的实验室。到中国去,更在辞官后。2005年由于欧盟宪法条约在法国全民公投中未获通过,引发法国政坛震荡,时任总理拉法兰被迫辞职。“我离开总理府马提翁宫以后,不愿像在职时那样从政。而我对中国则投入很多精力。这种投入基于两个信念:一是我始终认为,即使在野也可以在国外毫无争议地代表法国;二是从政时间是短暂的,但外交生涯可以长久,尤其是与中国的交往”。

中国之外看中国

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