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驻阿美军换指挥官阿富汗多地安全形势恶化

2018年09月05日 07:19来源:网络整理手机版

美军将领斯科特·米勒2日就任驻阿富汗美军和北大西洋公约组织部队指挥官,接替在这一岗位上工作两年多的约翰·尼科尔森。

米勒上任之时,正值阿富汗反政府武装塔利班加大攻势、极端组织“伊斯兰国”频繁发动袭击之际。所幸2日在阿富汗首都喀布尔举行的交接仪式相对平静。

【何许人也】

米勒是陆军中将,曾多次参与美军作战行动,包括1993年在索马里首都摩加迪沙的一场行动。米勒当时是地面指挥官,因为作战英勇获得铜星勋章。

但那场行动是美军一段不光彩的过往。1993年10月,参加联合国维和行动的美军在摩加迪沙发动突袭,试图捉拿当地一名武装头目。其间,两架“黑鹰”直升机被击落,美军随后陷入巷战,总计18名士兵死亡。一些美军士兵的尸体后来在当地被人拖拉着游街示众,震惊美国,促使时任美国总统比尔·克林顿次年从索马里撤军。

米勒过去两年出任美军联合特种作战司令部指挥官,熟悉如何与美军精锐部队配合。

他今后将指挥1.6万名驻阿北约部队士兵,其中1.4万人是驻阿美军。

北约2014年正式结束在阿富汗的作战行动,启动代号为“坚决支持”的非作战行动,培训、协助阿富汗安全部队并为后者提供咨询。

【挑战重重】

塔利班和其他武装团体近期频繁发动袭击,百觉阅读网,阿富汗多地安全形势恶化,数百名阿富汗安全部队士兵和平民丧生。

至少150名政府军士兵和95名平民上月在东部城市加兹尼的激战中丧生。加兹尼距离喀布尔大约150公里,是连接喀布尔与重要城市坎大哈的主要陆路枢纽。战火持续5天,驻阿美军出动武装直升机和小型无人驾驶飞机参战,帮助安全部队控制局势。武装人员上月21日朝阿富汗总统府方向发射多枚火箭弹。阿富汗总统阿什拉夫·加尼当时正在总统府内发表宰牲节讲话。“伊斯兰国”一个分支声称制造这一事件。

米勒在喀布尔北约营地内的一场室外交接仪式上说:“这是场硬仗,没有保持现状的余地,我们不能自满。”

一些人担心,北约营地2日会遭遇自杀式爆炸或火箭弹袭击,但当天的换帅仪式没有受到打扰。

【配合对话】

一年多以前,美国总统唐纳德·特朗普发布对阿富汗新战略。根据这一政策,美国没有从阿富汗撤军或减少驻军,反而增兵,派遣军事顾问、教官、特种部队,向阿政府军提供更多空中支持,目的是迫使塔利班回到谈判桌。但按照消息人士的说法,特朗普对新战略愈发“沮丧”。

米勒在交接仪式上说,为创造政治和解基础,有必要施加军事压力。

卸任指挥官职务的尼科尔森呼吁塔利班接受阿富汗政府的停火提议、开启和平谈判。

但塔利班上月拒绝加尼所提借宰牲节契机再次停火的倡议,源码爱好者,不理会阿富汗政府所提直接对话倡议,多次提出先与美国谈、再与阿富汗政府谈的要求。

美方一贯立场是谈判必须由阿富汗政府主导。但美方官员7月在卡塔尔直接与塔利班代表会面,只是对话细节不详。法新社报道,一些人猜测,美国官员和塔利班代表本月将再度会面。(杜鹃)(新华社专特稿)

(责编:刘晶(实习生)、樊海旭)

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