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租房6天被扫地出门“二房东乱象”成租房顽疾

2018年09月03日 12:42来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:租房6天被扫地出门 “二房东乱象”成租房顽疾

  原标题:“二房东乱象”成租房顽疾

  本报记者 曹政

  晚高峰地铁5号线里,小陈提着、背着几大兜行李挤在人群中。他没想到,第一次租房只住了6天就被房东扫地出门。另一边,房东也很委屈——房子不仅欠了8000元的租金,而且未经同意就被打隔断和转租。

  记者昨日调查发现,造成小陈被迫搬家和房东收不到租金的,其实是夹在中间的“二房东”。

  租户被赶:

  近4万租金退还没着落

  8月11日,来京工作的小陈在网上看到了一条房屋转租信息:由于要回老家发展,之前在朝阳区华纺易城租来的房子需要转租出去。这是一套三居室,客厅又被隔出两间。当天,小陈签订合同租来了12平方米的隔断间,按照“押一付三”的标准,他向二房东徐某支付了6450元。

  但6天后,这套房子的真正房东出现,要求小陈和其他4位租户搬走。房东女婿姜先生向记者解释,因为二房东擅自打隔断、群租,被人举报到相关政府部门,房东才发现房子被人打隔断和转租了。

  稍早入住的租户透露,最初房子里并没有打隔断,二房东也曾承诺过不打隔断,但没过几天客厅就被强行加上了隔断。“事情发生后也联系不上二房东了,本该上月就要季付租金,目前还欠着8000块钱没交。”姜先生说。

  剩余的租金成了房东和租户争执的焦点。房子内的5位租户的房租都基本付到了10月底,多付租金近4万元。由于房东是与二房东签约,因此房东拒绝向租户退还剩余租金,租户还需向二房东讨回这笔租金。

  一周前,租户们的电卡、水卡被房东收走。“因为热水断了,我们已经五六天没洗澡了。”于是,租户们在协商多日无果后,不得不搬离。

  转租乱象:

  二房东不露面身份成谜

  二房东是谁?说起来扑朔迷离。房内的5位租户中,小陈与另一户是与徐某签的合同,而另外3人则是跟李某签的。

  租户们凑到一起协商,才发现二房东一直在撒谎。李某在与租户刘丽签合同时,曾自称房东,甚至还拿出来产权证和业主身份证复印件。“业主是一位明姓女子,李某说是他母亲。”正是这些证件复印件,让刘丽相信了李某。前后脚入住的其他租户则说,旅行社,李某自称是房主的朋友,房主在国外,委托其对外出租。

  当租户们转而寻找二房东时,却发现要么不接电话,要么采取拖延战术。李某在合同中所留电话都已停机,微信也极少回复。此事发生后,李某曾透过微信说已跟房东交涉好,可住到10月底;但只隔一天,房东就上门来通知租户“只能住到8月底”。如今,快半个月过去,租户基本都已搬走,房东、二房东与租户之间依然没敲定如何退还租金。

  “让你搬你就搬啊?我们这边沟通,你就不搬!”另一位二房东徐某对小陈说。但此后徐某并没有现身解决问题。“我是6月从李某手里租来隔断间,再转租出去的,并没有接触过房东。”昨天,徐某在电话中向记者说。至于退租金一事,他依然推给了房东和李某。

  不过,小陈否认了徐某的说法。他解释,房东曾出示与他签合同人员的身份证复印件。其中一人的身份证号码与徐某在小陈合同中所留的身份证号码完全一样。但格外吊诡的是,虽然身份证号码一样,但名字姓氏则从“徐”变成了“朱”。

  把关不严:

  网站不审房源真实性

  华纺易城这套房子的诡异经历,恰恰折射了租房市场混乱的“二房东乱象”。

  根据本市去年发布的《关于加快发展和规范管理本市住房租赁市场的通知》,承租人不得擅自转租、合租,合同明确约定可以转租、合租的除外;次承租人不得再次转租。如果李某是二房东,徐某从李某租来房子后,再转租给小陈,德德搜书吧,就属于再次转租,已违规。

  二房东违规转租是租房市场里多年难去的顽疾。由于二房东手里有钥匙,租房时也拿到了房主身份证件和房产证复印件,极易假冒房东,骗取租金后跑路,最终房东拿不到房租要收房、租户交了租金反而住不了。

  但在现实中,恰恰有人为此提供便利渠道,二房东们都能通过网络轻松寻找租户。当初,小陈通过一个名为“看房狗”的微信公众号获得了房源信息。记者注意到,公众号上有大量合租、转租内容,账号属于“非概率驱动(北京)科技有限公司”,且经营范围主要是技术推广、设计制作发布广告等,并没有明确包括租房交易。记者在“看房狗”平台上尝试发布转租信息,整个过程既不要求提供房产和身份证件,也没有后台审核环节。这类信息发布平台都很少对房源、租户的真实身份进行有效把关,也间接助长了二房东身份不明、失联、骗租金的乱象。

  除了政府部门加强监管外,租户又该如何避免被二房东忽悠?北京市房地产法学会副会长赵秀池提醒租房者,租房过程中,首先要找正规、有资质的企业和平台获取真实的租房信息;租户要看清合同条款和房产证、身份证等关键证件的原件,而非复印件,谨防被骗。

(责编:赵爽、仝宗莉)

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