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新一轮民营经济发展攻坚战打响一大批民企项目正在路上

2018年09月03日 02:16来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:新一轮民营经济发展攻坚战打响 一大批民企项目正在路上

  8月末,一场为期三天的2018中国民营企业500强峰会在沈阳举行。《经济参考报》记者获悉,无论是民企500强数量还是民间投资数据,各地分化依然明显。东部地区入围民企500强数量高达396家,占据八成,东北地区只入围9家,不足2%。而已经公布1-7月民间投资数据的13个省份中,湖南以22.3%的增速领先,山西则同比大降26%。

  中央和地方正密集出台相关政策,新一轮民营经济发展攻坚战已打响。8月30日,有关东北振兴和西部开发的两场会议同日召开,激发民间投资均被列入重要清单。一大批民企项目正在路上。改善营商环境、破解融资难题、加快项目落地有望成为提振民营经济的三大攻克点。

  13省前7月民间投资数据分化

  《经济参考报》记者从各地统计局获悉,截至目前,已有24省份公布前7月投资数据,其中13省份公布民间投资数据。1-7月民间投资增速最快的依次为湖南(22.3%)、福建(21.7%)、安徽(18.7%)、浙江(16.5%)、青海(14.9%)、云南(12.7%)、辽宁(12.3%)、江西(11.7%)、贵州(8.9%)9个省份,均超过全国8.8%的民间投资增速。不过,河南(5.4%)、山东(2.9%)、甘肃(0.02%)、山西(-26%)则大大低于全国民间投资增速。

  国家发改委公布的《2018年7月份全国固定资产投资发展趋势监测报告》显示,1-7月份,东、中、西、东北四个地区新增意向投资额占比分别为42.3%、24.6%、28.3%和4.8%。新增意向投资额增速相比1-6月份均有一定下滑。

  “西部地区上半年经济增速下滑,主要原因是投资明显下滑。”国家发改委西部开发司巡视员肖渭明8月30日在新闻发布会上表示。

  上规模民营企业分布数量从另一个侧面反映了地区分化。全国工商联公布的《2018中国民营企业500强调研分析报告》显示,新入围的民营企业500强中,东、中、西、东北分别有396家、52家、43家、9家,占比分别为79.2%、10.4%、8.6%和1.8%。

  “东北地区民营经济发展不仅与民营经济大省有较大差距,与全国平均水平也相差较远。”全国政协副主席、全国工商联主席高云龙指出,民营经济发展偏小偏弱偏散,既缺乏顶天立地的大企业,又缺少铺天盖地的小企业,是整个东北地区经济发展缓慢和经济活力不足的重要原因。

  中央和地方密集释放政策信号

  提振民营经济、激发民间投资已被列入重要清单。8月16日,国务院常务会议部署以改革举措破除民间投资和民营经济发展障碍,激发经济活力和动力。会议提出,下更大力气降低民间资本进入重点领域的门槛。

  国家发改委主任何立峰8月28日在报告国务院关于今年以来国民经济和社会发展计划执行情况时指出,下半年要积极吸引扩大民间投资,千龙电影网,切实落实激发民间投资活力各项政策措施,规范有序推广PPP模式。

  地方层面政策信号也密集释放。8月22日,河南省发布《关于优化营商环境激发民间有效投资活力的实施意见》,提出21项具体措施,优化营商环境,破解民间投资项目瓶颈制约。作为突出短板的西部和东北地区更是加快布局。肖渭明表示,对基础设施“补短板”项目,国家将加大支持力度,西部地区也要通过深化改革,积极吸引民间资本参与,更多地释放社会和市场潜力。

  一大波民企项目正在路上。8月23日,民航局和国家发改委联合对外公布民航领域鼓励民间投资项目清单,已确定民间投资方、加快推进项目实施的就包括重庆江南通用机场、青海省贵德通用机场。向民间资本推介的项目还有重庆江北国际机场综合服务中心项目、四川通航运营及飞机维修项目、重庆市万州飞行培训基地建设项目。

  “投资不过山海关”的局面也在扭转。据辽宁省委常委、统战部部长范继英介绍,今年1至7月,民营企业对辽宁投资了674个项目,到位资金1137.9亿元,同比增长48.8%。

  范继英还指出,辽宁省制定了《12家知名民营企业在辽投资项目跟踪推进工作方案》,伊利集团等12家民企计划在辽投资项目20个,投资总额859.33亿元,目前落地项目12个,源码爱好者,到位资金172.12亿元,今年年底前还将落地5个项目。

  此外,在8月29日召开的民营企业助推辽宁高质量大会上,民营企业500强与当地共签约76个项目,总签约额达2956亿元。

  黑龙江省委常委、统战部部长杜和平介绍,17家知名民营企业与黑龙江省签订合作项目43个,目前落地项目17个、完成投资56.3亿元,在谈项目7个、计划投资148亿元,投资意向项目19个、计划投资232亿元。

  民企项目加快落地仍需“东风”

  提振民营经济、激发民资活力并非易事。营商环境、融资难题、项目落地是最难突破的攻坚点。

  “助推民营经济发展的重要抓手是营商环境的改善。”中央统战部副部长、全国工商联党组书记、常务副主席徐乐江说。全国营商环境评价现场会暨优化营商环境工作推进会已于8月27-28日在京举行。

  针对西部经济,肖渭明指出,要深化“放管服”改革,进一步优化营商环境,降低制度性交易成本,主动对标先进,破除各种壁垒,吸引各类资本,特别是民间资本踊跃到西部来投资。

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