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八部委出台方案防控儿童青少年近视网络游戏将总量调控

2018年09月02日 15:29来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:青少年近视率纳入政府绩效考核

  本报讯(记者 雷嘉)李克强总书记近日就我国儿童青少年近视高发问题作出重要指示,要求有关方面结合深化教育改革,拿出有效的综合防治方案,共同呵护好孩子的眼睛,让他们拥有一个光明的未来。为贯彻落实李克强总书记重要指示精神,教育部、国家卫健委等八个部委在公开征求意见后,于昨天正式公布《综合防控儿童青少年近视实施方案》。《实施方案》提出了家庭、学校、医疗卫生机构和学生等方面应采取的防控措施,明确了八个相关部委在防控儿童青少年近视方面的职责和任务,并首次明确:青少年近视率将纳入政府绩效考核。

  制定《实施方案》的八个部委包括教育部、国家卫健委、国家体育总局、财政部、人保部、国家市场监管总局、国家新闻出版署和国家广电总局。《实施方案》确定的目标是:到2023年力争实现全国儿童青少年总体近视率在2018年的基础上每年降低0.5个百分点以上,近视高发省份每年降低1个百分点以上。到2030年6岁儿童近视率控制在3%左右,小学生下降到38%以下,初中生下降到60%以下,高中生下降到70%以下。

  《实施方案》对八个部委的防控职责做出了明确规定——

  教育部负责加快修订《学校卫生工作条例》和《中小学健康教育指导纲要》等。聚焦“教”(教会健康知识和运动技能)“练”(经常性课余训练和常规性体育作业)“赛”(广泛开展班级、年级和跨校体育竞赛活动)“养”(养成健康行为和健康生活方式),并会同有关部门开展全国学校校医等专职卫生技术人员配备情况专项督导检查,着力解决专职卫生技术人员数量及相关设备配备不足问题。会同有关部门坚决治理规范校外培训机构,惠来网,每年对校外培训机构教室采光照明、课桌椅配备、电子产品等达标情况开展全覆盖专项检查。

  国家卫健委要在2019年年底前,会同有关部门出台相关强制性标准,严格规范儿童青少年的教材、教辅、考试试卷、作业本、报刊及其他印刷品、出版物等的字体、纸张,以及学习用灯具等,使之有利于保护视力。

  体育总局负责增加适合儿童青少年户外活动和体育锻炼的场地设施,持续推动各类公共体育设施向儿童青少年开放。

  财政部负责合理安排投入,支持相关部门开展儿童青少年近视综合防控工作。

  人保部要会同教育部、国家卫健委完善中小学和高校校医、保健教师和健康教育教师职称评审政策。

  市场监管总局要杜绝不合格眼镜片流入市场。

  新闻出版署要实施网络游戏总量调控,控制新增网络游戏上网运营数量,探索符合国情的适龄提示制度,采取措施限制未成年人使用时间。

  广电总局等部门负责多层次、多角度地宣传推广近视防治知识。

  对地方政府,《实施方案》强调将儿童青少年近视防控工作、总体近视率和体质健康状况纳入政府绩效考核,严禁地方各级政府片面以学生考试成绩和学校升学率考核教育行政部门和学校。对儿童青少年体质健康水平连续三年下降的地方政府和学校依法依规予以问责。从明年开始,将每年开展各省(区、市)政府儿童青少年近视防控工作评议考核,结果向社会公布。

  《实施方案》还明确了家庭、学校、医疗卫生机构和学生等方面应采取的防控措施。

  调查

  新学期“护眼”新招

  昨天,教育部等八部委发布关于印发《综合防控儿童青少年近视实施方案》的通知,通知中对中小学学校学生近视防控提出具体要求,北京青年报记者对本市中小学在开学之际的视力保护准备工作进行调查。

  新招一

  教室灯泡换成“护眼型” 课桌椅高低随时调

  今年新学期开学前,石油附属实验小学每间教室的黑板和大屏都已被换成“护眼型”。据介绍,新的黑板和大屏能让学生从教室各个角度轻松看到老师的板书,且不伤害眼睛。北京教科院丰台学校张广利校长介绍,为了保证孩子们的用眼健康,该校所有教室灯泡全部用的都是护眼灯。

  除了更换黑板大屏和灯泡之外,丰台五小同学们的课桌椅全部为可调节的课桌椅,每学期开学学校都会根据同学们的身高进行调整,还会定期请校医给同学们进行检查,对课桌椅进行调整。北京教科院丰台学校的桌椅每学期都会根据学生的身高情况调整两次,而且同学们的座位平均一个月也会进行两次调整。

  新招二

  建学生视力档案 专业眼科团队进校

  石油附属实验小学老师表示,9月开学的第一周就将组织全校学生去检查视力,并为每个学生都建立视力保护档案。花家地实验小学学校的卫生室里还建立了视力检测追踪机制,每个楼层均安装了视力测试仪。各班级的爱眼小卫士组织学生进行追踪自测,增加学生责任感的同时,也无形中影响全体学生重视保护视力。

  黄城根小学每学期对学生们进行定期的视力检查,对出现视力下降较快或者视力下降总量超过一定比例的班级,会进行特别关注和跟踪监控,找到问题后制定一些防护近视的策略。新学期开学,学校除了继续做好学生们的日常防护措施外,还准备请专业的眼科团队到学校,对每一个学生进行眼睛视力的监测。

  新招三

  买坐姿矫正器 养成“一尺一拳一寸”习惯

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