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中国进出口银行:帮助发展是目标重大项目是抓手

2018年09月01日 18:30来源:网络整理手机版

中国进出口银行:帮助发展是目标重大项目是抓手

中国进出口银行副行长谢平介绍情况。

人民网北京8月30日电 (记者李彤)“截至2018年6月末,进出口银行对非业务覆盖45个非洲国家,支持了一批交通、电力、制造、信息、教育、卫生等项目。”今日,在中国银保监会举行的“银行业例行新闻发布会”上,中国进出口银行副行长谢平围绕“聚焦中非发展 助力中非合作”的主题介绍说,真诚帮助发展是目标,准确对接需求是导向,推动重大项目是抓手。

谢平表示,进出口银行对非业务以基础设施建设、工业化建设、能源资源开发等领域为重点,支持社会民生领域建设。在对非融资合作过程中,素材信息,进出口银行形成了适合非洲国家国情和基础条件、可为非洲带来长远收益的做法,提高了非洲地区经济发展和人民生活水平。

他具体说道,真诚帮助发展是目标,进出口银行侧重支持实施发展性项目,注重带给合作方紧缺的资金、技术、经验和收益。进出口银行对非贷款余额中,支持基础设施建设领域的占比超80%。这些项目能够改善东道国投资环境,激发投资连锁效应,帮助借款国提高生产能力、增强经济发展动力。进出口银行支持的蒙内铁路是肯尼亚百年来第一条新建铁路,其建成通车使肯物流成本降低约40%;卡雷塔水电站的建成使几内亚全国发电量提高58%,千龙电影网,极大缓解电力紧缺现状。

以准确对接需求为导向。进出口银行根据非洲国家的发展阶段、现实条件、主要诉求,帮助非洲国家筛选项目、设计方案,通过关键项目建设助力东道国打破发展瓶颈。进出口银行融资支持的刚果(金)铜钴矿项目,采用互利共赢的合作模式,在不增加刚果(金)财政负担的前提下,实现了优势资源开发利用,为其国家重建提供了大量资金来源,成功契合了对方现实需要。进出口银行秉持互利共赢理念,坚持市场化运作,着力建立发挥金融机构专业能力和企业市场主体能力的投融资机制、项目运作机制。合作项目的落实在共商共建基础上予以推进,遵循商业规律,强调实施现代化、商业化管理运营。在实现项目经济和社会效益同时,重视保障金融资产安全,提高运作效率。

以推动重大项目为抓手。进出口银行在“一带一路”、中非“十大合作计划”、非洲“三网一化”等对非经贸合作框架下积极开展业务,支持了安哥拉本格拉铁路、坦桑尼亚天然气管道、埃塞俄比亚基础设施改造和产能合作项目等大批中非合作的标志性项目。与非洲国家共同打造新的产业链条,支持非洲改善基础设施条件、推动工业化进程、更好融入全球经济体系。在媒体总结的39个2017年中非重大合作项目中,进出口银行支持了24个,占比超过60%。

“进出口银行以融资支持中非互利共赢合作,不仅助推了非洲当地社会经济发展,也在推进双边友好关系、促进中国经济结构调整和转型升级、实现更好更快发展等方面也发挥了重要作用。”谢平说。

一是有效拓展发展空间、维护发展权益。中国是全球最大的发展中国家,非洲是发展中国家最集中的大陆。中非发展环境类似,加快发展是一致要求,这为彼此团结友好协作奠定了基础。一个个具体项目的落地实施使中非各界和人民增进了理解,加深了友谊,为中非加强互信,维护多边合作体系发展,提升发展中国家在全球经济体系中整体地位创造了条件。

二是积极落实领导人承诺和高访成果。作为中国对非融资主要机构之一,中非合作论坛等多双边重大经济外交活动形成的合作成果中,许多内容涉及进出口银行。进出口银行推进合作项目,通过项目合作实绩配合重大外交外事活动,提振了广大非洲国家对华合作信心,有效提升了国家对非合作举措成效。

三是有助于发挥资源能源合作互补优势。进出口银行以信贷、投资等业务推动中非能源资源合作,将非洲资源禀赋优势与中国的资金、设备和技术优势结合起来。进出口银行在安哥拉、赤道几内亚、埃塞俄比亚等国积极推行互利共赢的中非融资合作模式,既丰富了中国的能源资源进口渠道,又把非洲国家资源禀赋优势切实转化为发展动力,为其改善基础设施条件、发展社会经济增加了资金来源。

四是支持中国企业拓展非洲市场。进出口银行以金融服务支持中资企业在非洲开展经贸合作和投资经营,累计带动商务合同金额超过2000亿美元。例如,支持中国企业建设了大量非洲电信项目,项目在满足非洲市场需求的同时,为中国电信企业和产品打出了靓丽名片。非洲也是我国对外承包工程重要市场,在国际竞争日趋激烈背景下,进出口银行通过加强金融服务,提升了非洲国家对中国企业认可和信任,使我国企业获取东道国甚至周边国家其他项目,发挥了溢出效应。

五是推动中国技术和标准走出国门。在进出口银行融资支持下,中国企业带着我国公路、铁路、电力、水利、房建、电信等领域的标准走进非洲。华为第四代通信技术和偏远地区网络覆盖解决方案等通信技术标准已被广大非洲国家接受。蒙内铁路采用的中国标准、中国技术和中国机电设备,不仅兼容性更强、适用性更广,成本也相对低廉,更适合非洲国家当前的发展阶段和现实需求。项目的成功运营将更好带动中国铁路产业链走出国门,为中国铁路标准在更广阔市场的推广应用打下基础。

(责编:冯人綦、曹昆)

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