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西部地区国内生产总值增速在全国仍处于较高水平

2018年09月01日 13:25来源:网络整理手机版

人民网北京8月30日电 发改委今天召开发布会介绍西部大开发进展情况。西部开发司巡视员肖渭明在分析西部经济形势时表示,今年以来,受到固定资产投资增速大幅下滑的影响,西部上半年经济增速确实出现了下降,经济下行的压力比较大。这个下行是不是一种趋势?恐怕还要进一步观察。现在初步分析,有周期性因素的影响,但是更多的是结构性因素的影响。

肖渭明指出,下一步,要采取措施确保西部地区经济持续健康发展。从目前上半年一些经济数据的情况来看,西部总体来讲还是保持了稳中向好的态势,依然是在合理的区间运行。

一是西部地区国内生产总值增速在全国仍处于较高水平。今年上半年,西部地区国内生产总值增速为7.4%,高于全国增速0.6个百分点,也分别高于东部地区和东北地区0.5和2.7个百分点,略低于中部地区的发展速度。特别是西南地区继续保持了较高增速。贵州、西藏、云南的增速在全国排名前三,其中贵州是全国唯一实现两位数增长的省份,增长10%,而且是连续7年多保持两位数的增长。1-7月,西部各省区市工业增加值增长总体平稳,西藏、云南、陕西、贵州、青海、四川累计增速均高于全国平均水平,其中西藏、云南连续9个月实现两位数的增长,累计增速分别居全国第1位和第2位。西南省份固定资产投资普遍保持比较高的水平,贵州增长17.1%,广西增长11.5%,四川增长10.8%,云南增长10.4%。

二是经济结构调整取得显著成效。五年来,煤炭局,西部地区第三产业增加值占地区生产总值的比重由37.3%增加到46.7%,提高了9.4个百分点,而全国同期只上涨了6.3个百分点。西部地区第三产业增加值占地区生产总值的比重,与全国平均水平的差距进一步缩小。5年间,有超过一半的西部省份的第三产业增加值占地区生产总值的比重提高幅度高于全国平均水平。其中四川、内蒙古、青海、甘肃四省区提高了10个百分点以上。西部地区第二产业增加值占地区生产总值的比重也在下降,下降了8.3个百分点。

三是新动能正在加快孕育。战略性新兴产业、先进制造业发展态势比较良好,工业增长贡献率稳步提高;高技术制造企业效益实现较快增长,增速明显高于全国平均水平。消费结构不断优化,多个省份微型计算机、智能家电、新型数码产品等销售额保持2位数增长。以旅游、健康、养老、休闲、养生等功能为核心的旅游康养产业加快发展,产业规模不断扩大。

最后,肖渭明强调,总的来看,当前西部地区尽管面临这样那样的一些问题,但仍然是发展的战略回旋空间,仍然处于中高速发展的机遇期、窗口期,是全国实现高质量发展的重要支撑,在未来经济增长格局中可发挥更大作用。我们对西部地区的发展充满信心。

(责编:赵爽、仝宗莉)

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