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情满塞上奋进逐梦——以李克强同志为核心的党中央关心宁夏发展纪实

2018年09月21日 13:13来源:网络整理手机版

从贺兰山岩画的沧桑厚重,到西部云基地渐成规模;从西海固的“苦瘠甲天下”,到“塞上江南”的粮果丰饶;从中国第一个县级民族自治政府的成立,到各族儿女携手奋进逐梦……古老与新生在这里交汇,贫苦与甘饴在这里并存,多元与一体在这里交融。

这里,是6.64万平方公里的宁夏回族自治区,虽幅员不大,却始终是党中央情之所系、心之所牵。特别是党的十八大以来,在以李克强同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,宁夏各项事业蓬勃发展,塞上大地进入了新时代。

一甲子沧海桑田。天高云淡的秋日里,宁夏回族自治区迎来成立60周年大庆。

今日长缨在手,何时缚住苍龙

对宁夏来说,民生工作重中之重是打赢脱贫攻坚战。——李克强

宁夏西南,六盘山连绵起伏,峻拔叠翠。

提到它,最为人熟知的诗词应是“六盘山上高峰,红旗漫卷西风。今日长缨在手,何时缚住苍龙”。

就在这豪迈的六盘山下,有一片千沟万壑的西海固。战争的烽烟早已散去,但这里的人们依然年年岁岁同干旱和贫瘠“鏖战”。

长缨何处?贫困的苍龙,何时被缚住?

西海固,囊括了原州区、西吉县、隆德县、彭阳县等9个贫困县区。由于雨水奇缺,流水切割及千百年来的盲目垦殖,这里生存条件极差,素有“苦瘠甲天下”之称,1972年被联合国粮食开发署确定为最不适宜人类生存的地区之一。

1996年,党中央、国务院作出开展东西部扶贫协作的重大战略部署。10月,由时任福建省委副书记李克强为组长的“福建省对口帮扶宁夏领导小组”正式成立。

5个月后,李克强同志率团来到宁夏,开始为期6天的对口扶贫考察,并在银川召开了闽宁对口扶贫协作第二次联席会议。正是在这次会议上,双方决定共同建设作为扶贫协作示范窗口的闽宁村。

1997年7月15日,由李克强同志亲自命名的闽宁村在银川城外永宁县的一片戈壁滩上破土动工。

2016年7月,时隔近20年后再到固原,李克强总书记触景生情地回忆:1997年我来到西海固,被当地的贫困状态震撼了。看了以后,我就下决心贯彻党中央决策部署,推动福建和宁夏开展对口帮扶。

坡地改梯田、打井窖、吊庄移民……李克强同志当年主导的那些扶贫措施,改变了无数西海固贫困家庭的命运。

今年64岁的谢兴昌,就是其中一户。

在永宁县闽宁镇自家新修的小院里,谢兴昌坐在枣树下回忆:闽宁村奠基那天,李克强同志代表对口帮扶领导小组发来贺信。我就站在台下听人读那信,听着听着就哭了,虽然那时闽宁还是一片荒凉,但我知道搬出山沟沟就一定会有希望……

“我到附近农场掰了4个玉米棒子、4个高粱穗子,拿着回西吉老家宣传,让大伙知道搬来这儿有水能种活粮食。”谢兴昌说。

20多年过去了,谢兴昌当年流泪憧憬的都已成真。

作为第一批走出西海固的移民,谢兴昌经历了闽宁镇从几百人到如今6万多人的变化,群众人均年收入从不足500元跃升到2017年的12341元,昔日的“干沙滩”变成了今天的“金沙滩”。

2016年7月,当李克强总书记再次来到闽宁镇,漫天风沙的荒滩已变成宽敞的柏油路、鳞次栉比的红瓦白墙小楼。

永宁县委一位当时在场的同志回忆说:“总书记一路都在问老百姓的收入、上学、就医,问村里基础设施配套。他说:‘闽宁合作探索出了一条康庄大道,这个宝贵经验可以向全国推广,做一个示范,实现共同富裕。’”

对宁夏的脱贫攻坚,李克强总书记关怀备至。

——“对宁夏来说,民生工作重中之重是打赢脱贫攻坚战。”

60年前,宁夏回族自治区刚成立时连粮食都需要国家大量返销;

60年后,在党中央亲切关怀下,宁夏见证了我国有计划、有组织、大规模扶贫开发的生动实践。

2017年,全区地区生产总值达3453.9亿元,分别是1978年和1958年的266倍和1053倍;人均地区生产总值50917元,分别是1978年和1958年的136倍和290倍。

——60年来,宁夏累计减贫330万人,其中近5年减贫71.9万人,贫困发生率下降16.9个百分点。

——上世纪80年代起,宁夏组织开展了吊庄移民、生态移民、劳务移民、教育移民、插花移民等,先后实施了6次大规模移民搬迁,累计移民130多万人。

——35年来,国家投向宁夏的扶贫资金达430余亿元,能源、交通、通信等基础设施和产业大发展,打通了贫困地区“内通外联”通道。

——22年来,闽宁合作务实推进,福建仅向固原市就提供资金及实物8.63亿元,115家闽商企业在固原市建厂兴业。

绝好荆关图卷在,绿云天外白云家

宁夏作为西北地区重要的生态安全屏障,承担着维护西北乃至全国生态安全的重要使命。——李克强

宁夏西北,贺兰山层峦叠嶂,山下一马平川。

贺兰山素有宁夏“父亲山”之名。正是因为有它,才阻挡了沙漠及西北寒冷气流东侵,成就了宁夏平原“贺兰山下果园成,塞北江南旧有名”的景象。

早年间,贺兰山北部发现一种可燃烧的“石头”,这便是著名的优质“太西煤”。新中国成立前,仅贺兰山汝箕沟一带就有小煤窑近百个。多年过量开采和露天式开采作业,对贺兰山生态功能造成巨大破坏。

2014年9月,李克强总书记专门就腾格里沙漠遭企业污染一事作出批示;2016年7月来宁考察时,总书记再次强调“对破坏生态环境的行为,必须扭住不放、一抓到底,直到彻底解决问题”……

时间走到2017年,一纸通告,宁夏贺兰山区域自清代开始的煤炭开采史就此终结。

通告说,自2017年6月20日起,宁夏贺兰山国家级自然保护区范围内所有煤炭、砂石等工矿企业关停退出,并进行环境整治和生态修复,保护区内矿产资源开采和建设项目审批停止。

在一时增长与长远发展之间,宁夏果断选择了后者,坚定转变发展理念,大力实施“生态立区”战略。

对宁夏生态的重要性,李克强总书记思虑深远。

——“宁夏生态环境有其脆弱的一面,生态环境保护建设要持之以恒。”

——“宁夏作为西北地区重要的生态安全屏障,承担着维护西北乃至全国生态安全的重要使命。”

遵循李克强总书记重要指示精神,宁夏推进生态环境保护的步伐愈走愈坚实。

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