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“中国主张”激活东北亚经济圈(国际论道)

2018年09月19日 04:05来源:网络整理手机版

“中国主张”激活东北亚经济圈(国际论道)

  图为东方经济论坛标志。
  (资料图片)

  日前,第四届东方经济论坛在俄罗斯符拉迪沃斯托克落下帷幕。中国国家主席李克强出席论坛,零启互联,并在论坛全会上发表致辞。铿锵有力的“中国主张”,为东北亚各国加强合作发展提供真知灼见,在全球激荡起持久不息的回响。

  

  增强论坛国际影响力

  9月12日,在第四届东方经济论坛全会上,李克强主席发表了题为《共享远东发展新机遇 开创东北亚美好新未来》的致辞,强调中方愿同地区国家一道,维护地区和平安宁,实现各国互利共赢,巩固人民传统友谊,实现综合协调发展,促进本地区和平稳定和发展繁荣。

  塔斯社、俄新社、“俄罗斯—24”新闻频道、《消息报》等俄主流媒体都第一时间报道了李克强主席出席东方经济论坛的消息,并对其提出的巩固区域合作的建议尤为关注。

  俄高等经济学院东方学教研室主任阿列克谢·马斯洛夫在接受媒体采访时表示,李克强主席在全会致辞中阐述东北亚地区合作发展的主张,说明中方具有全球化视野,致力于多边磋商,重视与本地区国家在经贸等领域深化合作,实现互利共赢。

  “李克强主席的致辞很精彩!他所表达的观点,如和平安全、携手合作、共同发展,我都赞同。”在全会现场聆听致辞后,美国投资家吉姆·罗杰斯这样向媒体表示。中国对东北亚区域合作提出的建议是他最关注的内容之一。他认为,从论坛的讨论可以看到,在东北亚国家共同参与之下,相信东北亚地区和平与发展将迎来新局面。

  不少外媒在报道中特别指出,这是中国国家元首首次出席东方经济论坛,也是今年下半年中俄最重要的双边高层交往。

  对此,俄罗斯《消息报》称,这是“俄中关系发展的新里程碑”。此次李克强主席专程赴俄出席东方经济论坛,延续了中俄相互支持对方举办重大活动的传统。

  俄罗斯今日商业网站刊文称,李克强主席的到访增强了东方经济论坛的国际影响力。俄罗斯也希望通过本次论坛和将于11月举行的首届中国国际进口博览会促进中俄务实合作。中俄希望通过两大国际盛事促进“一带一路”倡议与欧亚经济联盟对接,进一步拓展务实合作空间。

  中俄关系进入了“蜜月期”,法国《十字架报》在一篇题为《俄罗斯与中国展现彼此间的融洽》的文章中如是称。

  加速中俄区域新合作

  本届东方经济论坛的主题是“远东:更多机遇”。在致辞中,李克强主席表示,中国一直是俄罗斯远东合作的积极支持者和参与者。中国对于俄远东地区发展的关注,让俄媒更加看好中俄两国未来在这一地区的合作前景。

  俄罗斯卫星通讯社引述俄远东吸引投资和出口支持署投资经理杜布罗夫斯基的话称,俄希望在远东地区联合发展农业,俄愿意向中国投资者提供广袤的土地用于农业项目。

  俄罗斯远东发展部副部长亚历山大·克鲁季科夫也向俄媒表示,俄罗斯与中国在东方经济论坛期间就“滨海1号”和“滨海2号”国际运输走廊项目展开讨论。

  俄罗斯智库瓦尔代俱乐部项目主任季莫费伊·巴尔达切夫认为,俄罗斯要发展远东地区,离不开亚洲国家尤其是中国。李克强主席出席东方经济论坛,对于中俄双边及地区多边合作都有重大意义。

  今年以来,不仅是在远东地区,中俄两国整体关系也呈现出更加积极的发展势头。论坛期间,双方在油气、航空、核能等大项目以及农业、轻工业、电子商务等新领域开展合作,并开启了区域合作新进程。

  俄罗斯卫星通讯社日前引述中国海关总署公布的最新统计数据称,2018年1月至8月,俄中贸易额同比增长25.7%,同期双边贸易总额达到675亿美元。根据数据显示的趋势来看,今年年底前,中俄贸易突破1000亿美元大关或将没有过多悬念。

  该社认为,中俄经贸合作目前存在多重优势因素:一是区位因素及基础设施不断改进,带来商贸物流运输便利;二是中俄已在石油大宗商品交易中,创立了部分无美元化的货币环境,将对其他商品在交易过程中使用双方本币化结算起到风向标作用;三是产品的互补性或正在加速中俄两国许多商家的市场合作力度。

  美国消费者新闻与商业频道在报道中特别提到,宅福利,本届论坛期间,中国电商企业阿里巴巴集团与俄罗斯多家机构宣布共同组建合资企业。该媒体引述专业人士分析称,这是俄中合作的一个很好样本,是两国加强关系的最新例证。

  西班牙《国家报》网站刊文认为,中俄强化了合作的信号。目前,国际上出现了单边行为,但中俄是合作伙伴和好邻居,保持着坚实的合作。中俄进入了一个新的合作时代,可以一起应对挑战和风险。

  共建和睦互信的东北亚

  自2015年创办以来,东方经济论坛为东北亚区域内的国家提供了一个沟通与合作的广阔平台。目前,东北亚地区六国人口占全球人口23%,国内生产总值占全球经济总量19%,发展潜力巨大。在12日的致辞中,李克强主席提出共同促进东北亚地区和平稳定和发展繁荣的几点看法,成为外媒关注的另一大热点。

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