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国际观察:启动“全天候”沟通机制 韩朝预热首脑会晤

2018年09月19日 00:10来源:网络整理手机版

国际观察:启动“全天候”沟通机制 韩朝预热首脑会晤

9月14日,在朝鲜开城工业园,韩朝官员在韩朝共同联络事务所启动仪式上合影。 新华社发(韩国共同采访团供图)

韩朝共同联络事务所14日举行揭牌仪式,正式投入运行。

分析人士指出,该事务所的启动标志着韩朝建立史上首个针对所有问题的“全天候”沟通磋商机制,不仅为韩朝合作注入了新动力,也为即将到来的韩朝领导人第三次会晤打下了良好基础。

启动机制 加强沟通

韩朝共同联络事务所坐落于朝鲜开城工业园区内。韩国统一部长官赵明均和朝鲜祖国和平统一委员会委员长李善权等逾百名主管南北关系的韩朝官员当天出席了揭牌仪式。

经韩朝协商,联络事务所所长定为“副部级”。韩方所长由统一部次官千海成兼任,朝方所长由祖国和平统一委员会副委员长田钟秀担任。据了解,零启互联宅福利,千海成并不会常驻该事务所,而是在必要时才会赴朝访问。常驻开城的韩方负责人为统一部长官政策助理金昌洙,他将兼任联络事务所第一任事务处长。

联络事务所分为运营部、交流部、联络合作部三大部门。韩方派出的工作人员约30人,主要来自统一部、文化体育观光部等相关政府部门。这些人员每周一上午入境朝鲜,开始在事务所为期一周的工作,周五下午返回韩国。

联络事务所启动后,韩朝将每周举行一次会议,并可随时就南北之间亟待解决的问题进行协商,必要时还可以通过该事务所互相传递两国领导人的讯息。

据韩国统一部介绍,事务所的职能涉及韩朝联系与交涉、政府间会谈与磋商、民间交流与援助、为韩朝人员往来提供便利等。统一部还表示,该事务所将成为韩朝常态化沟通渠道,有利于促进韩朝关系发展和半岛永久和平。

国际观察:启动“全天候”沟通机制 韩朝预热首脑会晤

9月14日,在朝鲜开城工业园,韩朝官员参加韩朝共同联络事务所启动仪式。新华社发(韩国共同采访团供图)

根据韩国统一部向国会提供的报告,韩方的目标是以事务所为基础,进而在首尔和平壤分设常驻代表处,互派大使级官员,令韩朝间交流更顺畅、迅速、高效。韩国舆论认为,随着南北经济合作蓝图展开,韩朝可能还将通过这一事务所进行有关半岛新经济构想的探讨。

落实宣言 预热会晤

联络事务所启动后,将首先把韩朝铁路和公路对接、山林合作等涉及履行《板门店宣言》的内容作为优先议题进行讨论。

事实上,共同联络事务所正是根据4月27日韩朝领导人板门店会晤签署的《板门店宣言》而设立。根据《板门店宣言》,韩朝将在开城地区设立双方官员常驻的事务所,以便于双方的官方和民间交流合作。

朝鲜劳动党中央委员会机关报《劳动新闻》14日刊登评论文章,强调落实《板门店宣言》的重要意义。文章说,《板门店宣言》的签署以及随之而来的北南对话、接触与往来,为推动北南关系新发展创造了可能性与条件,彻底履行《板门店宣言》是缓解不信任与对立、从根本上改善和发展北南关系的重要途径。

韩国舆论将事务所的设立称为“韩朝关系飞跃发展的排头兵”,认为该事务所使双方随时互相联络成为现实,实现了双方沟通制度化的第一步,具有里程碑意义。

分析人士认为,设立事务所有助于韩朝交流迈上新台阶,让双方随时能面对面坐下来协商,大幅提高了交流水平和效率,为南北关系持续发展奠定了基础。此外,韩方能够通过事务所帮助朝美之间加强沟通、减少误解,更好地发挥斡旋和协调作用,引导朝美关系进入良性循环,从而从侧面推动半岛无核化进程,促进半岛和平机制的构建。

韩国总统文在寅与朝鲜最高领导人金正恩将于9月18日至20日在平壤举行第三次会晤。分析人士认为,韩朝双方近期采取了包括举办离散家属团聚活动、成立共同联络事务所等措施落实《板门店宣言》,这些措施不仅有利于双方增进互信、加强合作,也为领导人会晤奠定了坚实基础。(记者 陆睿 参与记者:程大雨)

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