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记者手记:一场不寻常的“贫困与人权”问题讨论

2018年09月16日 11:20来源:网络整理手机版

  9月13日,在联合国日内瓦总部所在地万国宫,能够容纳近百人的23号会议厅座无虚席。来自30多个国家的80多名外交官和有关国际组织代表就“贫困与人权”这一话题展开热烈讨论。

  会议的主题是“消除贫困与实现所有人权、包括发展权”,主办方是中国和南非。

  在主办国代表致辞后,四位重量级嘉宾相继发言。随后,泰国、委内瑞拉、厄瓜多尔等国和有关非政府组织代表纷纷举手提问……这看似平常的一幕,其实并不寻常。

  曾几何时,在日内瓦,每年有关人权的会议不计其数,但是有关“发展权”的话题却总是被刻意忽略。在很多人的头脑中,似乎只有少数发达国家关心的话题才是高大上的“人权”,而广大发展中国家那些依然在生存线上苦苦挣扎的人民的温饱和安全,似乎和他们的权利与尊严无关。

  会上,古巴常驻联合国日内瓦代表佩德罗索说:在历经被殖民、被封锁的沉痛历史之后,古巴人民最深切的一个体会就是:只有发展才是人权最可靠的保障。

  他在发言中引用最新报告指出,目前占全球人口百分之一的最富裕群体占据着全球财富总量的绝大部分,在这种情况下,如果还不重视导致发展不足和贫困的系统性问题,世界上绝大多数人的经济、社会和文化权利以及公民政治权利“将不可能得到真正的保障”。

  “对于一个在生存线上苦苦挣扎的家庭来说,如果不能帮助他们脱贫,再美好的人权字眼对于他们来说也往往无异于空谈,”他有些激动地说。

  现场观众对佩德罗索的发言报以热烈的掌声。

  巴基斯坦常驻联合国日内瓦代表阿米尔在发言中一再强调:脱贫是维护人类尊严的必经之路,而发展则是促进所有人权的基本手段。他说,包括发展权在内的各类人权应该均衡推进,在这一过程中,脱贫应该被置于核心的位置,因为离开了这一点,其他各类人权的实现都会大打折扣甚至“形同虚设”。

  南非常驻联合国日内瓦代表迪塞科对此表示赞同。她强调,南非前总统曼德拉认为消除贫困不是做慈善,而是社会公正的基本要求,是对最基本人权的保护,是人人应该享有的基本尊严,“在这一点上,河南日报,我们和我们的中国朋友有着高度的相互理解和认同,坚持这一观点对于发展中国家来说至关重要”。

  中国常驻联合国日内瓦办事处和瑞士其他国际组织代表俞建华表示,消除贫困是联合国2030年可持续发展议程的首要目标,也是促进和保护人权的重要途径。他说,目前全球仍有近8亿人生活在贫困之中,贫困及其衍生出来的疾病、社会冲突等一系列难题为发展中国家人权事业带来极大挑战,所以,中国特色减贫道路的一个基本出发点,就是“从基本国情出发,把人民的生存权、发展权放在首位,努力保障和改善民生”。

  作为发展中国家政府间智库南方中心的新一任执行主任,卡洛斯在发言中对中国减贫所取得的“不可思议的成就”表示赞赏。他表示,贫困是最重要的全球挑战之一,而通过发展消除贫困,百觉阅读网,才是促进人权的可靠坦途。

  原定一个半小时的会议,进行了足足两个小时。当地时间晚上六点半,当会议主持人宣布会议结束后,记者在现场看到,不少人仍然留在会场,意犹未尽地继续交流,有的还互留联系方式,以便就此话题进一步展开探讨。(记者 聂晓阳)

(责编:陶稳(实习生)、樊海旭)

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