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李克强:在庆祝海南建省办经济特区30周年大会上的讲话

2018年04月13日 23:22来源:网络整理手机版

张德江:在庆祝海南建省办经济特区30周年大会上的讲话

4月13日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席李克强在海南省人大会堂出席庆祝海南建省办经济特区30周年大会并发表重要讲话。新华社记者 谢环驰 摄

新华社海口4月13日电

在庆祝海南建省办经济特区30周年大会上的讲话

(2018年4月13日)

李克强

女士们,先生们,同志们:

今年是我国改革开放40周年,也是海南建省办经济特区30周年。今天,我们在这里隆重集会,庆祝海南建省办经济特区30周年,就是要充分肯定经济特区建设的历史功绩,深刻总结经济特区建设的宝贵经验,全面贯彻党的十九大精神和新时代中国特色社会主义思想,在新时代新起点上继续把全面深化改革推向前进,为实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦提供强大动力。

兴办经济特区,是我们党和国家为推进改革开放和社会主义现代化建设作出的重大决策。1978年12月,党的十一届三中全会作出把党和国家工作中心转移到经济建设上来、实行改革开放的历史性决策,动员全党全国各族人民为社会主义现代化建设进行新的长征。这是新中国成立以来我们党和国家历史上具有深远意义的伟大转折。为了推进改革开放和社会主义现代化建设,党中央决定兴办深圳、珠海、汕头、厦门4个经济特区,实行特殊政策和灵活措施,发挥对全国改革开放和社会主义现代化建设的重要窗口和示范作用。

1984年,邓小平同志在视察深圳、珠海、厦门经济特区后提出:“我们还要开发海南岛,如果能把海南岛的经济迅速发展起来,那就是很大的胜利。”1987年,邓小平同志会见外宾时说:“我们正在搞一个更大的特区,这就是海南岛经济特区。海南岛和台湾的面积差不多”,“海南岛好好发展起来,是很了不起的”。根据党中央决策,1988年4月,七届全国人大一次会议正式批准设立海南省,划定海南岛为经济特区。从此,海南这个祖国美丽的海岛获得了前所未有的发展机遇,进入了深化改革、扩大开放的历史新阶段。

30年来,在党中央坚强领导和全国大力支持下,海南经济特区坚持锐意改革,勇于突破传统经济体制束缚,玩意儿,经济社会发展取得了令人瞩目的成绩。1987年,海南地区生产总值仅有57.28亿元,地方财政收入不到3个亿。到2017年,海南地区生产总值达到4462.5亿元,人均地区生产总值7179美元,地方一般公共预算收入674亿元,地区生产总值、人均生产总值、地方财政收入分别增长21.8倍、14.3倍、226.8倍,现代服务业、热带农业、新型工业迅速成长,交通、电力、水利、通信等基础设施日趋完备。改革开放取得重要突破,在农垦体制改革、“多规合一”改革、省直管市县的行政管理体制改革、航权开放等方面走在全国前列。国际交流合作空前扩大,成功举办了18届博鳌亚洲论坛年会。在全国率先建设生态省,大气和水体质量保持领先水平。人民生活明显改善,教育、卫生、文化等社会事业加快发展,城乡面貌发生深刻变化。经过30年不懈努力,海南已从一个边陲海岛发展成为我国改革开放的重要窗口。

海南经济特区是我国经济特区的一个生动缩影,海南经济特区取得的成就是改革开放以来我国实现历史性变革、取得历史性成就的一个生动缩影。

40年来,深圳、珠海、汕头、厦门、海南5个经济特区不辱使命,在建设中国特色社会主义伟大历史进程中谱写了勇立潮头、开拓进取的壮丽篇章,在体制改革中发挥了“试验田”作用,在对外开放中发挥了重要“窗口”作用,为全国改革开放和社会主义现代化建设作出了重大贡献。

经济特区改革发展事业取得的成就,是党中央坚强领导、悉心指导的结果,是广大建设者开拓进取、奋勇拼搏的结果,是全国人民和四面八方倾力支持、广泛参与的结果。借此机会,我代表党中央、国务院、中央军委,向900多万海南人民,向经济特区广大建设者,向所有为经济特区建设作出贡献的同志们,致以热烈的祝贺和诚挚的问候!向各位来宾,向关心和支持经济特区建设的国内外各界人士,表示衷心的感谢!

女士们、先生们、同志们!

海南等经济特区的成功实践,充分证明了党的十一届三中全会以来形成的党的基本理论、基本路线、基本方略是完全正确的,中国特色社会主义道路是实现社会主义现代化、创造人民美好生活的必由之路;充分证明了无论改什么、改到哪一步,都要坚持党的领导,确保党把方向、谋大局、定政策,确保党始终总揽全局、协调各方;充分证明了改革开放是决定当代中国命运的关键抉择,是当代中国发展进步的活力之源,是党和人民事业大踏步赶上时代的重要法宝,是坚持和发展中国特色社会主义、实现中华民族伟大复兴的必由之路;充分证明了党中央关于兴办经济特区的战略决策是完全正确的,在决胜全面建成小康社会、夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利的征程上,经济特区不仅要继续办下去,而且要办得更好、办出水平;充分证明了人民是改革的主体,要坚持一切为了人民、一切依靠人民,发挥好广大人民群众的积极性、主动性、创造性,使广大人民群众成为推动改革开放的强大力量。

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