位置: > 焦点人物 > 正文 >

务实创新推进上合组织经济合作

2018年06月13日 14:32来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:务实创新推进上合组织经济合作

  为期两天的上合组织青岛峰会作为扩员后的第一次峰会,取得了丰富的成果,全面规划了上合组织未来的发展战略。落实《上海合作组织成员国元首理事会青岛宣言》、《上海合作组织成员国元首关于贸易便利化的联合声明》等文件,探索更为多样、有效的合作途径,将使上合组织的未来更可期待。

  历经17年的发展,经济合作已成为上合组织的重要支柱之一,取得了一系列成果,各成员国都有收益。数据显示,2017年上合组织六个创始成员国贸易总额从2001年6720亿美元增加到4.9万亿美元。印度、巴基斯坦加入后,去年成员国贸易总额达5.719万亿美元,今年一季度贸易额增幅达20.7%。投资方面,去年六个创始成员国FDI流量总额达到1787.71亿美元,投资领域也由资源开发、农业、加工业扩大到基础设施建设、机械制造业、服务业等,投资形式更为多样。在基础设施领域,一系列互联互通项目在俄、哈、乌、塔等国“开花结果”,中欧班列、双西铁路等一批示范性基础设施领域项目顺利完成,连接本地区的能源、交通、电信等网络初显轮廓。

  上合组织成员国都处于经济发展振兴的关键阶段,制定了适合本国国情的发展战略。利用上合组织的重要平台作用,“一带一路”倡议正在同欧亚经济联盟建设等区域合作倡议及哈萨克斯坦“光明之路”等各国发展战略对接,并从理念到行动、从规划到实施。扩员后,上合组织辐射中亚、南亚、西亚和独联体等区域,“一带一路”规划中的六条跨境经济走廊中的四条经过上合组织成员国。在“一带一路”的推动下,未来各方将更多启动共同感兴趣的多双边合作项目,应充分利用有利机遇,进一步促进成员国经济发展,惠及各国。

  此次成果中提出,完善区域经济合作安排,推进贸易和投资便利化。由于成员国经济发展水平及贸易投资制度安排差异较大,需要采用多层级差异化的合作模式,采用更为灵活的合作方式。未来可巩固双边合作进展,加强多边合作,将双边、多边及区域合作相结合,打造区域融合发展新格局,将区域经济合作提升到新水平。

  深化经贸、投资、金融、互联互通等领域合作是未来的合作方向。其中加强互联互通,在基础设施建设合作方面迈出更大步伐是许多成员国的迫切需求,是促进经济合作的优先领域。世界银行报告指出,受益于中巴经济走廊大型基础设施建设的推动,巴基斯坦经济增速将达到5.8%。数据显示,由于对基础设施建设需求巨大,印度已成为亚投行最大借款国和获益者。为了推进重大项目的实施,保证资金供应,深化金融合作十分必要。同时,还要充分评估项目的市场需求,让已建成的项目有效运转,转化为效益。中国在此次峰会上承诺在上合组织银行联合体框架内设立300亿元人民币等值专项贷款,这将有助于项目的落实。

  金融合作方面,一方面,可充分利用已有的上合组织银联体、丝路基金、亚投行以及世界银行等现有机构资金,另一方面,可考虑进一步加强成员国之间的金融合作,并有效将资金落实到位,保证基础设施及其他重大项目的融资需求。此外,构建双边货币结算机制可避免汇率的大起大落,有效应对经济危机。在推进经贸金融合作的同时,人民币国际化也必将受益。

  上合组织成员国面临着经济转型的挑战, 红桥区委员会,这也给各成员国之间的经济合作创造出新的可能。抓住新产业、新经济、新业态机遇,充分挖掘利用成员国在不同领域创新发展的优势,努力实现协同联动发展,完全可以探索出在跨境电子商务、大数据、智慧城市、低碳环保等领域的合作机遇。

  进一步把各方政治共识转化为合作成果,改变经济合作中政府主导模式,加大企业参与力度和积极性,也是保证上合组织经济合作有效推进的重要一环。要大力推进各国市场化改革进程,提高组织合作机制效率,实现体制机制创新,以企业为主体、以市场为导向开展全面合作,改变以往经贸合作中市场推动力不足、实体经济合作偏弱等现象尤为重要。

  经济全球化和区域一体化是大势所趋。在新老成员国进一步磨合的同时,大力吸引观察员国和对话伙伴参与经济合作,上海教育网,扩大和国际经济机构的联系,拓宽合作范围,形成更加广泛的经济合作格局,可在实现自身利益的同时,为巩固多边贸易体制,促进全球经济繁荣作出贡献。

(责编:刘雅婷(实习生)、杨曦)

本文地址:http://www.baijuechina.com/jiaodianrenwu/32551.html 转载请注明出处!

大家都在看更多>>

今日热点资讯
baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina baijuechina