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促消费若干意见公布短期直接利好租赁体育养老行业

2018年09月28日 10:33来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:促消费若干意见公布 短期直接利好租赁体育养老行业

  9月20日,中共中央、国务院发布《关于完善促进消费体制机制,进一步激发居民消费潜力的若干意见》(下称《意见》)。《意见》涉及居民消费的吃穿用、住行、信息消费以及文化旅游体育和养老等多个领域的消费政策,还提到健全质量标准和信用体系,营造安全放心消费环境。

  《意见》提出其总体目标是让消费生产循环更加顺畅,构建更加成熟的消费细分市场,壮大消费新增长点围绕居民吃穿用住行和服务消费升级方向,突破深层次体制机制障碍,适应居民分层次多样性消费需求,镇平县党校,保证基本消费经济、实惠、安全,培育中高端消费市场,形成若干发展势头良好、带动力强的消费新增长点。

  在政策配套方面,《意见》提出深化收入分配制度改革,构建公平开放的市场环境,完善财税金融土地配套政策等措施。其中包括完善有利于提高居民消费能力的收入分配制度,增加低收入群体收入,扩大中等收入群体;推动消费税立法;推进个人所得税改革,合理提高个人所得税基本减除费用标准,适当增加专项附加扣除,逐步建立综合和分类相结合的个人所得税制度。

  国务院发展研究中心产业经济研究部第四研究室主任、研究员许召元分析,近年我国生产能力有了长足的进步,需求不足成为了经济中的主要矛盾,鼓励和引导居民消费将成为今后的政策方向和政策重点。

  实物消费提挡和服务消费扩容

  《意见》提出促进实物消费不断提挡升级,包括吃穿用消费、住行消费、信息消费、绿色消费等。其中提到加强引导、强化监督,确保市场主体提供安全放心的吃穿用消费品。优化流通设施空间布局,大力发展便利店、社区菜店等社区商业,便利店行业或将迎来利好。

  另外,对于备受关注的住的消费,《意见》称,大力发展住房租赁市场特别是长期租赁。总结推广住房租赁试点经验,在人口净流入的大中城市加快培育和发展住房租赁市场。加快推进住房租赁立法,保护租赁利益相关方合法权益。

  京东房产业务负责人曾伏虎告诉记者,文件提出大力发展租赁市场,还是有些直接利好值得期待的,目前银行对租赁市场的支撑不是太够,这次中央强调这个事情,从金融方面对租赁市场的支持来看,还是很值得期待;还有一点就是关于立法,在租赁领域,目前关于各方权益平衡的问题还是很多,他希望关于租赁的立法能来得更早一些。他还表示,近一个月长租公寓受到了较大的关注,这个政策对长租公寓企业来说是利好。

  《意见》还提到服务消费持续提质扩容,其中重点提到了文化旅游体育消费、健康养老家政消费、教育培训托幼消费。

  在文化旅游体育消费方面,《意见》称,稳妥把握和处理好文化消费商品属性与意识形态属性的关系,促进包容审慎监管与开放准入有效结合,努力提供更多优秀文化产品和优质文化服务。

  《意见》还提到,建立现代体育产业体系,推动体育与旅游、健康、养老等融合发展,积极培育潜在需求大的体育消费新业态。支持社会力量举办国际国内高水平体育赛事,推动体育赛事电视转播市场化运作。

  挖掘消费潜力

  近几个月以来关于消费升级和消费降级的争论一直没有停歇。

  《意见》在阐述出台背景时提到,消费是最终需求,既是生产的最终目的和动力,也是人民对美好生活需要的直接体现。

  近年来,我国在扩大消费规模、提高消费水平、改善消费结构等方面取得了显著成绩,但也要看到,惠来网,当前制约消费扩大和升级的体制机制障碍仍然突出。

  重点领域消费市场还不能有效满足城乡居民多层次多样化消费需求,监管体制尚不适应消费新业态新模式的迅速发展,质量和标准体系仍滞后于消费提质扩容需要,信用体系和消费者权益保护机制还未能有效发挥作用,消费政策体系尚难以有效支撑居民消费能力提升和预期改善。

  许召元分析,文件是在当前我国经济增长动能转换加快和消费升级潜力有待开发的背景下出台的。从拉动经济增长的三驾马车看,近年来,我国投资增速持续下降,特别是投资增速降至个位数,今年1-8月份投资降至5.3%,对经济的拉动作用有所降低,而消费和出口对经济增长的贡献显著提高,消费的升级潜力仍然巨大。2017年全年,中国公民出境旅游人数1.31亿人次,比上年同期增长7%,一年去境外购物消费大约2000亿美元,反映国内对高品质商品和旅游等服务消费有很大的需求。

  许召元告诉记者,随着《意见》的贯彻执行,短期内,不少直接相关的行业会直接受益,比如文件中提到的租赁住房、体育赛事、养老服务等,这些行业的审批将进一步简化,市场监管和服务进一步加强,长期来看,随着更多实施细则的出台,特别是促进消费的精神和原则进一步落实,消费者安全放心的市场环境真正建立,国内消费者的扩大和升级成效将更加显著。

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