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国务院:强化政策配套宣传引导改善居民消费能力预期

2018年09月28日 09:10来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:国务院:强化政策配套宣传引导 改善居民消费能力预期

  中共中央国务院关于完善促进消费体制机制 进一步激发居民消费潜力的若干意见(4)

  四、强化政策配套和宣传引导,改善居民消费能力和预期

  (一)深化收入分配制度改革

  完善有利于提高居民消费能力的收入分配制度,增加低收入群体收入,扩大中等收入群体。完善企业工资分配的宏观指导制度,依法推进工资集体协商,建立反映人力资源市场供求关系和企业经济效益的工资决定机制和正常增长机制。完善机关事业单位工资和津补贴制度,落实以增加知识价值为导向的分配政策,扩大高校和科研院所收入分配自主权,建立公务员和企业相当人员工资水平调查比较制度,推进实施重点群体增收激励计划,拓宽居民劳动收入和财产性收入渠道。推进实施企业职工基本养老保险基金中央调剂制度。建立健全覆盖城乡居民的基本医疗卫生制度。鼓励有条件的地方探索建立低收入群体基本生活现金救助、实物救助和救助服务相结合的社会救助方式,按照满足基本生活需求的标准核定救助标准,工艺品,并根据价格水平动态调整。

  (二)构建公平开放的市场环境

  积极培育和壮大各类消费供给主体,消除所有制歧视,实行包容审慎有效的准入制度,全面实施公平竞争审查制度,加快建立全国统一、开放、竞争、有序的市场体系,打破地域分割和市场分割。全面实施准入前国民待遇加负面清单管理制度,加大生活性服务领域有效有序开放力度,逐步放宽放开对外资的限制。建设若干国际消费中心城市,推进海南国际旅游消费中心建设。

  (三)完善财税金融土地配套政策

  健全消费政策体系,进一步研究制定鼓励和引导居民消费的政策。推动消费税立法。推进个人所得税改革,合理提高个人所得税基本减除费用标准,适当增加专项附加扣除,逐步建立综合和分类相结合的个人所得税制度。落实好健康、养老、家政等生活性服务业的税收优惠政策。进一步提升金融对促进消费的支持作用,鼓励消费金融创新,规范发展消费信贷,把握好保持居民合理杠杆水平与消费信贷合理增长的关系。鼓励保险公司在风险可控的前提下,为消费信贷提供融资增信支持。加大文化、旅游、体育、健康、养老、家政等领域用地政策落实力度。

  (四)深化事业单位分类改革

  合理区分基本公共服务与非基本公共服务,基本公共服务主要由政府保障,非基本公共服务主要由市场提供。加快推进教育、卫生、文化、体育等领域事业单位分类改革,将生产经营类事业单位转为企业。建立健全符合不同事业单位特点的管理体制机制,分类推进事业单位人事制度改革。完善民办机构参与公办机构改制细则。

  (五)优化消费领域基础设施建设投入机制

  积极发挥财政资金引导作用,进一步吸引社会投资,加快推进中西部地区、农村地区现代流通、信息网络、服务消费等短板领域基础设施建设,提高投资质量和效益。通过政府和社会资本合作(PPP)模式、社会领域产业企业专项债券等方式,鼓励支持社会力量参与文化、旅游、体育、健康、养老、家政、教育等领域基础设施建设。

  (六)加强消费统计监测

  研究制定服务消费和消费新业态新模式的统计分类,完善相关统计监测,有效反映文化、旅游、体育、健康、养老、家政、教育培训、托幼等服务消费发展水平,形成涵盖商品消费、服务消费的消费领域统计指标体系,更加全面反映居民消费发展情况。建立消费领域运用大数据等新技术开展形势分析和政策辅助决策的机制。健全消费政策评估机制。

  (七)健全消费宣传推介和信息引导机制

  加强对促进消费工作的舆论宣传,突出以人民为中心的发展思想,有效引导社会预期。积极培育健康理性的消费理念,大力宣传倡导丰俭有度、雅俗兼容的消费文化。用好各级各类媒体,构筑良好的消费宣传推介机制,客观真实向消费者推介商品和旅游、文化等服务,促进供需有效对接。建立针对涉嫌虚假宣传的惩罚惩戒机制。

  各地区各部门要充分认识完善促进消费体制机制的重要意义,切实强化组织领导,逐项抓好改革任务和政策落实。要加大统筹协调力度,源码爱好者,由国家发展改革委牵头会同有关部门建立完善促进消费体制机制的部门协调机制,统筹促进消费工作,制定整体战略、重要政策和措施。加强促进消费工作的监督考核。要积极推进本意见贯彻落实,抓紧制定实施完善促进消费体制机制的实施方案(2018-2020年)。有关部门要针对本行业本领域细分市场,完善促进消费的政策体系,形成释放消费潜力的政策合力。各地区要按照本意见和实施方案的要求,结合实际抓紧制定具体实施方案和细化政策措施,进一步激发居民消费潜力。(完)

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