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“修枝剪叶”让PPP质量更好各地加速清理PPP退库项目

2018年09月28日 05:28来源:网络整理手机版

原标题:“修枝剪叶”让PPP质量更好 各地加速清理PPP退库项目

“修枝剪叶”让PPP质量更好各地加速清理PPP退库项目

  各地加速清理PPP退库项目,德德搜书吧,积极进行示范项目整改——

  “修枝剪叶”让PPP质量更好

  近几年,我国PPP工作取得了明显进展,但同时也出现了“鱼目混珠”等不规范问题,累积了一些隐性风险。财政部以“组合拳”着力推进PPP规范发展,有效改善了PPP市场环境,增强了参与各方的信心。通过“修枝剪叶”,狠抓规范发展,我国PPP之“树”将迎来健康生长新阶段

  财政部近期发布的数据显示,截至9月中旬,各地累计清理政府和社会资本合作(PPP)退库项目2148个,涉及投资额2.5万亿元。与此同时,前3批PPP示范项目整改工作也在顺利进行。多位业内专家认为,通过“修枝剪叶”,狠抓规范发展,我国PPP之“树”迎来健康生长新阶段。

  示范项目“能进能出”

  “2017年年底以来,财政部结合防风险和地方政府债务管理等工作,集中核查了前3批示范项目,对173个进行了分类处置,其中89个要求限期整改。”据财政部有关负责人介绍,目前已有77个按要求完成整改,完成率达86.5%;6个项目正在落实整改措施或优化整改方案;2个项目因程序不合规被调出示范项目名单;4个项目因不再继续采用PPP模式实施或不符合PPP模式要求被调出示范项目名单,并清退全国PPP综合信息平台项目库。

  统计显示,前3批示范项目实际入选752个项目、投资额1.98万亿元,经过日常督导和此次集中清理,截至2018年7月底,前3批示范项目为612个,投资额1.46万亿元,覆盖31个地区和19个行业,已实现前3批示范项目全落地。其中,累计已开工351个项目、投资额7251亿元,开工率57.4%。

  中国科学院大学中国PPP研究中心主任孟春接受经济日报记者采访时表示,规范推进PPP项目是财政部贯彻落实党中央、国务院关于打赢三大攻坚战重要决策部署的一项具体举措。从此次前3批PPP示范项目整改情况来看,对173个项目分类处置,其中89个限期整改,表明项目进一步规范透明,刹住了引发隐性债务的歪风。

  “清理后,示范库中有基本公共服务领域项目115个,开工率49.6%,增加了优化改善公共服务供给,推动基本公共服务均等化,以创新发展的理念助力贫困地区脱贫攻坚。”孟春说。此外,清理后生态环保领域项目162个,开工率57.4%,把“绿水青山就是金山银山”的理念落到了实处。

  财政部有关负责人表示,将继续加强督导力度,引导地方建立定期自查机制的同时,多举措齐下开展滚动核查和绩效评估,坚持并完善“能进能出”管理机制,利用PPP综合信息平台,实时监测项目运行、合同履行和项目公司财务状况,实现风险早预警、早防控。

  同时,财政部也将不断创新PPP示范项目的管理方式。据了解,财政部将充分利用大数据、人工智能、云计算、区块链等信息技术,建立跨地域、全行业、穿透行政层级、全生命周期管理的大数据监管服务平台,实现项目信息真实透明、动态监管。

  以“组合拳”抓规范发展

  “近几年,我国PPP工作取得了明显进展,但同时也出现了‘鱼目混珠’等不规范问题,累积了一些隐性风险,必须下决心尽快排查清理。”孟春表示,近年来财政部等相关部委持续推进PPP规范创新,目标不变、力度不减、劲头不松,通过一系列法律、法规、政策、标准、合同等,有效地改善了PPP市场环境,增强了参与各方的信心。

  据了解,2017年下半年以来,财政部以“组合拳”着力推进PPP规范发展。比如,统一新项目入库标准,集中清理“僵尸”项目和违规项目,遏制泛化滥用现象;规范国有金融企业参与PPP项目融资行为,确保项目资本金来源合法合规;分析全国PPP项目财政承受能力情况,启用PPP项目财政支出责任监测预警系统等。

  在加强示范引领方面,财政部会同18个部委推出第四批396个PPP示范项目,涉及投资额7588亿元;会同发展改革委推选27个市县作为2017年度推广PPP工作有力市县,国务院办公厅对这27个市县给予了表扬激励。此外,镇平县党校,利用APEC、金砖、世行、亚行、亚投行等多边机制,推进PPP国际交流合作,服务“一带一路”建设。

  除了规范PPP管理库,财政部还清退处理了连续12个月未更新业绩的PPP咨询机构库入库机构,将22家机构清退出机构库,两年内不得重新入库。

  “清理、清退是为了PPP规范发展,而不是叫停PPP。为进一步做好PPP项目,应着力抓好筛选项目、确保公平竞争、提升PPP项目运营能力、严格债务管理、规范融资行为等多项工作。”孟春说。

  根据财政部统计,今年二季度全国PPP综合信息平台项目管理库共清退项目856个、涉及投资额9569亿元,在库项目质量有所提高。同时,二季度管理库新增入库项目1185个、投资额14249亿元,覆盖31个省(自治区、直辖市)及新疆生产建设兵团,表明PPP在全国各地继续平稳推进。

  “PPP作为中央确定的一项长期系统改革,不可能一蹴而就,也绝不会半途而废,必将在规范中发展,在发展中创新,达到推动国家治理现代化、牵引行政财政投融资改革、实现物有所值的目的。”孟春说。

  加强创新激活PPP能量

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