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台北孔庙举行祭孔大典展现中华文化传承

2018年10月10日 18:20来源:网络整理手机版

晨光微亮,鼓擂钟鸣。28日清晨6时起,台北孔庙举行隆重的释奠典礼,纪念孔子诞辰2569周年,缅怀这位受到中华民族世代尊崇的“至圣先师”。

台北市民刘冠毅凌晨4点半就从家里出发,5点半前赶到了孔庙。“这是我第一次参加祭孔大典,很是震撼。”他说,典礼的每一个步骤都依循古礼,是中华文化流传下来的历史见证。

台北孔庙的释奠典礼如往年一样依“三献古礼”完成37道仪程,包括启扉、瘗毛血、迎神、进馔、上香、行献礼、恭读祝文、全体鞠躬、饮福受胙、撤馔、送神、焚烧祝文丝帛、阖扉、撤班等,这也是目前台湾保存最完整的“三献古礼”。

“整体仪式非常完整,有一种条理秩序之美。”刘冠毅说,参加这个活动,让他对生活更加感恩,心态更加谦卑。

逾千名民众到现场观礼,河南日报,将大成殿围得水泄不通。典礼进行时,天空飘落雨点,但观礼民众秩序井然,严肃庄重。参加典礼的既有虔诚拜孔的教师学生,也有不少金发碧眼的外国人,他们共聚一堂,体验儒学文化的博大精深。

据主办方介绍,典礼秉持尊师重教的传统,参与典礼的执事礼生、乐生、佾生,绝大多数都是中小学生。执事礼生主要由孔庙所在地大龙峒的士绅与明伦高中学生组成,其中多位礼生执礼已超过20年。台北市重庆初中的学生担任乐生,现场演奏古乐八音。台北市大龙小学传承了88年的佾舞队,用古朴舞姿,表达对孔子的崇敬与赞颂之意。开平餐饮学校师生则为典礼精心制作了187道馔品。

台南孔庙当天也举行了盛大的祭孔大典,依循300多年来的传统方式使用猪、牛、羊等牲礼。各界人士齐聚大成殿,小学生跳着六佾舞祭孔,旅行社,场面隆重有序。祭孔结束,民众依序进场抢拔祭品黄牛头上的“智慧毛”,取学业有成的好兆头。

新北、桃园、高雄等地当天也举办了祭孔活动。(记者刘欢 吴济海)

(责编:徐丹(实习生)、刘洁妍)

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